Antibiotic Dispensing Following Pediatric Visits in the US Emergency Departments and Outpatient Settings from 2006 to 2016

    Details
    Basic Details
    Date
    Tuesday, August 27, 2019
    Entity
    NIH
    Type
    Publication
    Description

    This study measured rates and trends in antibiotic dispensing for emergency department (ED) and outpatient visits by age groups. This retrospective analysis used data from the National Institutes of Health Collaboratory Distributed Research Network. The analysis included children (aged > 3 months to <12 years) and adolescents (aged 12 to <19 years) with or without an antibiotic dispensed within 3 days following visits for infectious diagnoses occurring from 2006 to 2016, with no antibiotic fills 90 days prior. Diagnoses were classified as: 1) respiratory tract infections (RTIs) for which antibiotics are mostly indicated; 2) RTIs for which antibiotics are mostly not indicated; 3) respiratory conditions for which antibiotics are never indicated; 4) infectious conditions beyond RTIs regardless of antibiotic indication. 

    Contributors
    Author(s)

    Abiy Agiro, Gayathri Sridhar, Aliza Gordon, Jeffrey S. Brown, Kevin Haynes