There have been reports of clinically relevant uterine bleeding events among women of reproductive age exposed to rivaroxaban. The aim of this study was to compare the risk of severe abnormal uterine bleeding (SAUB) resulting in transfusion or surgical intervention among women on rivaroxaban versus apixaban, dabigatran and warfarin.
We conducted a retrospective cohort study in the FDA's Sentinel System among females aged 18+ years with venous thromboembolism (VTE), or atrial flutter/fibrillation (AF) who newly initiated a direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC; rivaroxaban, apixaban, dabigatran) or warfarin. We followed women from dispensing date until the earliest of transfusion or surgery following vaginal bleeding, disenrollment, exposure or study end date, or recorded death. We estimated hazard ratios (HRs) using Cox proportional hazards regression via propensity score stratification. Four pairwise comparisons were conducted for each intervention.