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Validity of Inpatient Electronic Health Record-Based Measures of Oxygen-Related Therapy in the United States: Lessons Applicable for Studying COVID-19 Endpoints

    Basic Details

    During the COVID-19 pandemic, inpatient electronic health records (EHRs) have been used to conduct public health surveillance and assess treatments and outcomes. Invasive mechanical ventilation (MV) and supplemental oxygen (O2) use are markers of severe illness in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. 

    In a large US system (n = 142 hospitals), we assessed documentation of MV and O2 use during COVID-19 hospitalization in administrative data versus nursing documentation. We identified 319,553 adult hospitalizations with a COVID-19 diagnosis, February 2020-October 2022, and extracted coded, administrative data for MV or O2. Separately, we developed classification rules for MV or O2 supplementation from semi-structured nursing documentation. We assessed MV and O2 supplementation in administrative data versus nursing documentation and calculated ordinal endpoints of decreasing COVID-19 disease severity. Nursing documentation was considered the gold standard in sensitivity and positive predictive value (PPV) analyses.


    Candace C. Fuller, Edward Rosen, Ashish Rai, Austin Cosgrove, Karla Miller, Patricia Bright, Katherine Haffenreffer, Russell E. Poland, Natasha Pratt, Kenneth Sands, Mayura U. Shinde, Richard Platt, Noelle M. Cocoros, Michael Klompas, Sarah K. Dutcher 

    Corresponding Author

    Candace C. Fuller; Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, USA